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Nanoscale structural characterization of manganite thin films integrated to silicon correlated with their magnetic and electric properties

AuthorsCarrero, Aneely; Roman, Augusto; Aguirre, Myriam H.; Steren, Laura B.
KeywordsNanoscale structure
Pulsed laser deposition
Issue Date2020
CitationThin Solid Films 709: 138189 (2020)
AbstractA detailed nanoscale structural characterization was performed on high-quality La0.66Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO) thin films of different thicknesses and deposited by pulsed laser deposition onto buffered Si (100) substrates. A multilayered structure built of Y0.13Zr0.87O2 (YSZ) and CeO2 layers was used as buffer in order to optimize the manganite films growth. The stacking of the different layers, their morpholohy, composition and strains were analysed using different experimental techniques. In-situ characterization of the films, performed with reflection high-energy electron diffraction, revealed their epitaxial growth and smooth surfaces. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) images showed sharp interfaces between the constituents lattices and combined with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis allowed us to determine that there was no ion interdifussion across them. The Fourier-Fast-Transform of the HR-TEM images was used to resolve the epitaxy relationship between the layers, resulting in [100] LSMO (001) ‖ [110] CeO2 (001) ‖ [110] YSZ (001) ‖ [110] Si (001). The LSMO thin films were found to be ferromagnetic and metallic at low temperature regardless their thickness. The effect of strains and defects was only detected in films thinner than 15 nm and put in evidence by X-ray diffraction patterns and correlated with magnetic and electrical parameters.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2020.138189
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