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Role of Lactobacillus biofilms in Listeria monocytogenes adhesion to glass surfaces

AuthorsJara, Josue; Pérez-Ramos, Adrián; Solar, Gloria del ; Rodríguez, Juan M.; Fernández, Leónides; Orgaz, Belén
KeywordsListeria monocytogenes
Food safety
Lactobacillus fermentum
Lactobacillus salivarius
Issue Date3-Aug-2020
CitationInternational journal of food microbiology 334:108804 (2020)
AbstractListeria monocytogenes can form long-lasting biofilms on food-contact surfaces. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have shown promise in antagonizing this microorganism in liquid media. However, the ecological relationships differ when cells are forming biofilms. In this work, we propose the use of Lactobacillus biofilms as surface "conditioners" to modulate the adhesion of L. monocytogenes. For this, the biofilm formation ability of Lactobacillus fermentum MP26 and Lactobacillus salivarius MP14 (human milk origin), fluorescently labeled by transfer of the mCherry-encoding pRCR12 plasmid, was first evaluated. Then, mature biofilms of these strains transformed with pRCR12 for expressing the fluorescent protein mCherry were used as adhesion substrate for GFP-tagged L. monocytogenes Scott A. The resulting biofilms were studied in terms of cellular population and attached biomass (cells plus matrix). Species distribution inside the biofilm structure was revealed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Although none of the Lactobacillus spp. strains reduced the adhesion of L. monocytogenes Scott A, species interactions seem to interfere with the synthesis of extracellular polymeric substances and species distribution inside the biofilms. In dual-species biofilms, CLSM images revealed that Lactobacillus cells were trapping those of L. monocytogenes Scott A. When surfaces were conditioned with Lactobacillus biofilms, the spatial distribution of L. monocytogenes Scott A cells was species-specific, suggesting these interactions are governing the ultimate biofilm structure. The results here obtained open new possibilities for controlling L. monocytogenes dispersal using these Lactobacillus spp. biofilms as a "natural" immobilization way. Whether species interactions could modify the virulence of L. monocytogenes still remains unclear.
Description38 p.-7 fig.-2 fig. supl.-1 tab. supl.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108804
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