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Title

Local delivery of bone morphogenetic protein-2 from near infrared-responsive hydrogels for bone tissue regeneration

AuthorsSánchez-Casanova, Silvia; Martín-Saavedra, Francisco; Escudero-Duch, Clara; Falguera Uceda, Maria I.; Prieto, Martin; Arruebo, Manuel; Acebo, Paloma; Fabiilli, Mario L.; Franceschi, Renny T.; Vilaboa, Nuria
KeywordsNear-infrared
Hydrogel
Gene therapy
Bone morphogenetic protein 2
Issue Date2020
PublisherElsevier
CitationBiomaterials 241: 119909 (2020)
AbstractAchievement of spatiotemporal control of growth factors production remains a main goal in tissue engineering. In the present work, we combined inducible transgene expression and near infrared (NIR)-responsive hydrogels technologies to develop a therapeutic platform for bone regeneration. A heat-activated and dimerizer-dependent transgene expression system was incorporated into mesenchymal stem cells to conditionally control the production of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2). Genetically engineered cells were entrapped in hydrogels based on fibrin and plasmonic gold nanoparticles that transduced incident energy of an NIR laser into heat. In the presence of dimerizer, photoinduced mild hyperthermia induced the release of bioactive BMP-2 from NIR-responsive cell constructs. A critical size bone defect, created in calvaria of immunocompetent mice, was filled with NIR-responsive hydrogels entrapping cells that expressed BMP-2 under the control of the heat-activated and dimerizer-dependent gene circuit. In animals that were treated with dimerizer, NIR irradiation of implants induced BMP-2 production in the bone lesion. Induction of NIR-responsive cell constructs conditionally expressing BMP-2 in bone defects resulted in the formation of new mineralized tissue, thus indicating the therapeutic potential of the technological platform.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2020.119909
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/219007
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2020.119909
ISSN0142-9612
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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