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Generation of a porous scaffold with a starting composition in the CaO–SiO2–MgO–P2O5 system in a simulated physiological environment

AuthorsGrima, Lorena; Díaz-Pérez, María; Gil Cortés, Javier; Sola, D.; Peña, J. I.
KeywordsBioceramic scaffolds
Bone regeneration
Laser floating zone
Magnesium oxide
Issue Date2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationApplied Sciences 10(1): 312 (2020)
AbstractMagnesium-based ceramics are involved in orthopedic applications such as bone scaffolds or implant coatings. They provide structural support to cells for bone ingrowth, but highly porous matrices cannot resist severe mechanical stress during implantation. In this study, the laser floating zone (LFZ) technique is used to prepare a dense crystalline material with composition in the CaO–SiO2–MgO–P2O5 system. This material, under physiological conditions, is able to generate a porous scaffold controlled by the dissolution of the MgO phase, meeting the mechanical advantages of a dense material and the biological features of a porous scaffold. FESEM (Field emission scanning electron microscopy), XRD (X-ray Diffraction), EDS (Energy Dispersive X-rays spectroscopy), and ICP ((Inductively Coupled Plasma) analysis were carried out in order to characterize the samples before and after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF).
DescriptionThis article belongs to the Special Issue Current Trends in Biomaterial Scaffolds.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/app10010312
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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