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Customized hybrid and NIR-light triggered thermoresponsive drug delivery microparticles synthetized by photopolymerization in a one-step flow focusing continuous microreactor

AuthorsOrtiz de Solorzano, Isabel; Mendoza, Gracia; Arruebo, Manuel; Sebastian, Victor
Issue Date2020
CitationColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 190: 110904 (2020)
AbstractPhotopolymerization is a selective technique that takes advantage of light-sensitive molecules to initiate and propagate monomeric structures to render covalently bonded macromolecular materials structures known as polymers. Herein, we present a novel one-step microfluidic synthesis of customized hybrid-thermoresponsive Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm) based microparticles (MPs) containing plasmonic hollow gold nanoparticles (HGNPs) and bupivacaine (BVP) used as a model drug. Those hybrid microparticles were prepared using a flow-focusing microreactor coupled to a UV LED device built with a simple outer PTFE tubing and an inner flexible capillary. Different tubing characteristics and flow rate ratios were altered in order to control the size of the resulting microparticles. In addition, components such as monomer, crosslinker and photoinitiator concentrations, as well as LED intensity and irradiation time were tuned to obtain different MPs and their characteristics and polymerization rates were compared by Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC). Thermoresponsive properties were analyzed and the presence of HGNPs was confirmed in light-activated triggered drug release applications. Bupivacaine loading and release studies were evaluated with the resulting hollow and solid microparticles (which were obtained depending on the polymerization rate used) and their temperature responsiveness was assessed using a NIR laser when HGNPs were present in the constructs. Finally, cytotoxicity studies, cell-cycle arrest and apoptotic induction were carried out to certify their suitability for further biomedical applications to be used as triggerable drug depots.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2020.110904
Appears in Collections:(ICMA) Artículos
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