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Title

The use of isothermal titration calorimetry to unravel chemotactic signalling mechanisms

AuthorsMatilla, Miguel A.; Martín-Mora, David; Krell, Tino
Issue Date2020
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
CitationEnvironmental Microbiology 22(8): 3005–3019 (2020)
AbstractChemotaxis is based on the action of chemosensory pathways and is typically initiated by the recognition of chemoeffectors at chemoreceptor ligand-binding domains (LBD). Chemosensory signalling is highly complex; aspect that is not only reflected in the intricate interaction between many signalling proteins but also in the fact that bacteria frequently possess multiple chemosensory pathways and often a large number of chemoreceptors, which are mostly of unknown function. We review here the usefulness of isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) to study this complexity. ITC is the gold standard for studying binding processes due to its precision and sensitivity, as well as its capability to determine simultaneously the association equilibrium constant, enthalpy change and stoichiometry of binding. There is now evidence that members of all major LBD families can be produced as individual recombinant proteins that maintain their ligand-binding properties. High-throughput screening of these proteins using thermal shift assays offer interesting initial information on chemoreceptor ligands, providing the basis for microcalorimetric analyses and microbiological experimentation. ITC has permitted the identification and characterization of many chemoreceptors with novel specificities. This ITC-based approach can also be used to identify signal molecules that stimulate members of other families of sensor proteins.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.15035
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/218822
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.15035
Identifiersdoi: 10.1111/1462-2920.15035
issn: 1462-2920
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