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Download Article Export citation 665 TOTAL VIEWS Article has an altmetric score of 17 Suggest a Research Topic > SHARE ON 0 0 0 New BRIEF RESEARCH REPORT ARTICLE Front. Vet. Sci., 21 August 2020 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00460 Mosquitoes in an Urban Zoo: Identification of Blood Meals, Flight Distances of Engorged Females, and Avian Malaria Infections

AuthorsMartínez de la Puente, Josué ; Soriguer, Ramón C. ; Senar, Juan Carlos ; Figuerola, Jordi ; Bueno-Mari, Rubén; Montalvo, Tomás
Issue Date2020
PublisherFrontiers Media
CitationFrontiers in Veterinary Science, 7 : 450 (2020)
AbstractZoological gardens are home to a large number of vertebrate species and as such are suitable sites for both mosquito breeding and maintenance. They are excellent places for entomological studies of mosquito phenology, diversity, and blood-feeding patterns, as well as for xenomonitoring. During 2016, we sampled mosquitoes in Barcelona Zoo and used molecular methods to determine their blood-feeding patterns and the prevalence and diversity of avian malaria parasites. We also estimated the flight distance of engorged mosquitoes in the area. Overall, 1,384 adult Culex pipiens s.l., Culiseta longiareolata, and Aedes albopictus were captured. Birds dominated the diet of Cx. pipiens s.l. (n = 87) and Cs. longiareolata (n = 6), while humans were the only blood-meal source of Ae. albopictus (n = 3). Mosquitoes had a mean flight distance of 95.67 m after feeding on blood (range 38.71–168.51 m). Blood parasites were detected in the abdomen of 13 engorged Cx. pipiens s.l., eight of which had fed on magpies. Four Plasmodium lineages and a single lineage of the malaria-like parasite Haemoproteus were identified. These results suggest that Cx. pipiens s.l. is involved in the local transmission of avian Plasmodium, which potentially affects the circulation of parasites between and within wildlife and enclosed animals. Vigilance regarding possible mosquito breeding sites in this zoo is thus recommended.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00460
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