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The Interaction of Fluorinated Glycomimetics with DC-SIGN: Multiple Binding Modes Disentangled by the Combination of NMR Methods and MD Simulations

AuthorsMartínez, J. Daniel; Infantino, Angela S.; Valverde, Pablo; Diercks, Tammo; Delgado, Sandra; Reichardt, Niels-Christian; Ardá, Ana ; Cañada, Francisco Javier; Oscarson, Stefan; Jiménez-Barbero, Jesús
Issue Date4-Aug-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationPharmaceuticals 13 (8): 179 (2020)
AbstractFluorinated glycomimetics are frequently employed to study and eventually modulate protein&ndash;glycan interactions. However, complex glycans and their glycomimetics may display multiple binding epitopes that enormously complicate the access to a complete picture of the protein&ndash;ligand complexes. We herein present a new methodology based on the synergic combination of experimental <sup>19</sup>F-based saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR data with computational protocols, applied to analyze the interaction between DC-SIGN, a key lectin involved in inflammation and infection events with the trifluorinated glycomimetic of the trimannoside core, ubiquitous in human glycoproteins. A novel 2D-STD-TOCSYreF NMR experiment was employed to obtain the experimental STD NMR intensities, while the Complete Relaxation Matrix Analysis (CORCEMA-ST) was used to predict that expected for an ensemble of geometries extracted from extensive MD simulations. Then, an in-house built computer program was devised to find the ensemble of structures that provide the best fit between the theoretical and the observed STD data. Remarkably, the experimental STD profiles obtained for the ligand/DC-SIGN complex could not be satisfactorily explained by a single binding mode, but rather with a combination of different modes coexisting in solution. Therefore, the method provides a precise view of those ligand&ndash;receptor complexes present in solution.
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/ph13080179
Appears in Collections:Colección MDPI
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