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Title

Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron Has Minimum Toxicological Risk on the Germination and Early Growth of Two Grass Species with Potential for Phytostabilization

AuthorsTeodoro, Manuel; Clemente Carrillo, Rafael ; Ferrer-Bustins, Ermengol; Martínez-Fernández, Domingo; Bernal Calderón, M. Pilar ; Vítková, Martina; Vítek, Petr; Komárek, Michael
KeywordsNano zerovalent iron
Plant stress
Uptake
Agrostis capillaris
Festuca rubra
Issue Date5-Aug-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationNanomaterials 10 (8): 1537 (2020)
AbstractTwo <i>Poaceae</i> species, <i>Agrostis capillaris</i> and <i>Festuca rubra</i>, were selected for their potential as phytostabilizing plants in multicontaminated soils. These species are resistant to contamination and maintain high concentrations of contaminants at the root level. Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) is an engineered nanomaterial with the ability to stabilize metal(loid)s in soils; its potential toxicological effects in the selected species were studied in a germination test using: (i) control variant without soil; (ii) soil contaminated with Pb and Zn; and (iii) contaminated soil amended with 1% nZVI, as well as in an hydroponic experiment with the addition of nZVI 0, 25, 50 and 100 mg L<sup>−1</sup>. nZVI had no negative effects on seed germination or seedling growth, but was associated with an increase in shoot growth and reduction of the elongation inhibition rate (root-dependent) of <i>F. rubra</i> seedlings. However, applications of nZVI in the hydroponic solution had no effects on <i>F. rubra</i> but <i>A. capillaris</i> developed longer roots and more biomass. Increasing nZVI concentrations in the growing solution increased Mg and Fe uptake and reduced the Fe translocation factor. Our results indicate that nZVI has few toxic effects on the studied species.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/218451
E-ISSN2079-4991
Identifiersdoi: 10.3390/nano10081537
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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