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Lipid raft isolation by sucrose gradient centrifugation and visualization of raft-located proteins by fluorescence microscopy: the use of combined techniques to assess Fas/CD95 location in rafts during apoptosis triggering

AuthorsGajate, Consuelo ; Mollinedo, Faustino
KeywordsLipid rafts
Cell disruption
Potter-Elvehjem homogenizer
Detergent-resistant membranes
Triton X-100–resistant membranes
Sucrose gradient centrifugation
Lipid raft isolation
Gel electrophoresis
Fluorescence microscopy
Cholera toxin B subunit
Issue Date9-Aug-2020
PublisherSpringer Nature
CitationLipid Rafts. Methods in Molecular Biology 2187:147-186 (2021)
AbstractLipid rafts are heterogeneous membrane domains enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids, and gangliosides that serve as sorting platforms to compartmentalize and modulate signaling pathways. Death receptors and downstream signaling molecules have been reported to be recruited into these raft domains during the triggering of apoptosis. Here, we provide two protocols that support the presence of Fas/CD95 in lipid rafts during apoptosis, involving lipid raft isolation and confocal microscopy techniques. A detailed protocol is provided for the isolation of lipid rafts, by taking advantage of their resistance to Triton X-100 solubilization at 4 °C, followed by subsequent sucrose gradient centrifugation and analysis of the protein composition of the different gradient fractions by Western blotting. In addition, we also provide a detailed protocol for the visualization of the coclustering of Fas/CD95 death receptor and lipid rafts, as assessed by using anti-Fas/CD95 antibodies and fluorescent dye-conjugated cholera toxin B subunit that binds to ganglioside GM1, a main component of lipid rafts, by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy. These protocols can be extended to any protein of interest to be analyzed for its association to lipid rafts.
Description40 p.-11 fig.-6 tab.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0814-2_9
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Libros y partes de libros
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