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Chemical and structural heterogeneities in Nd-doped oxynitride phosphate laser glasses

AuthorsMuñoz, Francisco ; Jiménez Riobóo, R. J. ; Balda, Rolindes
KeywordsOxynitride glasses
Phosphate glasses
Laser glasses
Issue Date2020
CitationJournal of Alloys and Compounds 816: 152657 (2020)
AbstractThe application of oxynitride glasses in optics has been limited due the issues inherent in their preparation that result in bubbles, metallic inclusions or opacity. Although the synthesis of oxynitride phosphates is easier than in silicates, due to their lower melt viscosity, the remaining water in the form of OH causes, for instance, the neodymium luminescence to be negatively affected. We report on the preparation of oxynitride Nd phosphate glasses that are submitted first to a dehydroxylation, so that their structure and properties can be studied as a function of the nitrogen content taking a completely homogeneous OH-free glass as the starting point of each synthesis. Raman and Brillouin Spectroscopy confirmed the segregation in oxide and N-enriched regions, and NMR of the glasses has been used to calculate the O/P ratio from the distribution of P(O,N)4 groups. The difference between this and the experimental one obtained from the elemental analyses confirms the segregation in oxide and oxynitride regions that is produced during the ammonolysis of the phosphate glass. The oxynitride glass network could thus be considered a non-homogeneous mixture of the oxide and the nitrided phases that are segregated due to the non-randomness of the nitridation reaction.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.152657
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