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Title

Improved fully automated method for the determination of medium to highly polar pesticides in surface and groundwater and application in two distinct agriculture-impacted areas.

AuthorsBarbieri, Maria Vittoria; Monllor-Alcaraz, Luis Simón; Postigo, Cristina ; López de Alda, Miren
KeywordsPolar presticides
Transformation products
Occurrence
On-line solid-phase extraction
Risk assessment
Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
Issue Date25-Nov-2020
PublisherElsevier
CitationScience of the Total Environment 140650 (2020)
AbstractWater is an essential resource for all living organisms. The continuous and increasing use of pesticides in agricultural and urban activities results in the pollution of water resources and represents an environmental risk. To control and reduce pesticide pollution, reliable multi-residue methods for the detection of these compounds in water are needed. In this context, the present work aimed at providing an analytical method for the simultaneous determination of trace levels of 51 target pesticides in water and applying it to the investigation of the target pesticides in two agriculture-impacted areas of interest. The method developed, based on an isotopic dilution approach and on-line solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, is fast, simple, and to a large extent automated, and allows the analysis of most of the target compounds in compliance with European regulations. Application of the method to the analysis of selected water samples collected at the lowest stretches of the two largest river basins of Catalonia (NE Spain), Llobregat and Ter, revealed the presence of a wide suite of pesticides in the Llobregat basin, some of them at concentrations above the water quality standards (irgarol and dichlorvos) or the acceptable method detection limits (methiocarb, imidacloprid, and thiacloprid), and much cleaner waters in the Ter River basin. Risk assessment of the pesticide concentrations measured in the Llobregat River indicated high risk due to the presence of irgarol, dichlorvos, methiocarb, azinphos ethyl, imidacloprid, and diflufenican (hazard quotient (HQ) values>10), and moderate potential risk in the Ter River, associated to the occurrence of bentazone and irgarol (HQ > 1).
DescriptionIt is possible to consult this version in open access at the following web address: arXiv:2011.11639
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140650
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/218279
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140650
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