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Subway platform air quality.Assessing the influences of tunnel ventilation, train piston effect and station design

AuthorsMoreno, Teresa ; Perez, Noemi ; Reche, Cristina ; Martins, Vânia ; de Miguel, E.; Capdevila, M.; Centelles, S.; Minguillón, María Cruz ; Amato, Fulvio ; Alastuey, Andrés ; Querol, Xavier ; Gibbons, W.
Issue Date2014
CitationAtmospheric Environment 92: 461- 468 (2014)
AbstractA high resolution air quality monitoring campaign (PM, CO2 and CO) was conducted on differently designed station platforms in the Barcelona subway system under.(a) normal forced tunnel ventilation, and (b) with daytime tunnel ventilation systems shut down. PM concentrations are highly variable (6-128μgPM1m-3, 16-314μgPM3m-3, and 33-332μgPM10m-3, 15-min averages) depending on ventilation conditions and station design. Narrow platforms served by single-track tunnels are heavily dependent on forced tunnel ventilation and cannot rely on the train piston effect alone to reduce platform PM concentrations. In contrast PM levels in stations with spacious double-track tunnels are not greatly affected when tunnel ventilation is switched off, offering the possibility of significant energy savings without damaging air quality. Sampling at different positions along the platform reveals considerable lateral variation, with the greatest accumulation of particulates occurring at one end of the platform. Passenger accesses can dilute PM concentrations by introducing cleaner outside air, although lateral down-platform accesses are less effective than those positioned at the train entry point. CO concentrations on the platform are very low (≤1ppm) and probably controlled by ingress of traffic-contaminated street-level air. CO2 averages range from 371 to 569ppm, changing during the build-up and exchange of passengers with each passing train. © 2014 The Authors.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.043
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.043
issn: 1873-2844
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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