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Prenatal activity from thalamic neurons governs the emergence of functional cortical maps in mice

AuthorsAntón-Bolaños, Noelia; Sempere-Ferràndez, Alejandro; Guillamón-Vivancos, Teresa; Martini, Francisco J.; Pérez-Saiz, Leticia; Gezelius, Henrik; Filipchuk, Anton; Valdeolmillos, Miguel; López-Bendito, Guillermina
Issue Date2019
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
CitationScience 364(6444): 987-990 (2019)
AbstractThe mammalian brain’s somatosensory cortex is a topographic map of the body’s sensory experience. In mice, cortical barrels reflect whisker input. We asked whether these cortical structures require sensory input to develop or are driven by intrinsic activity. Thalamocortical columns, connecting the thalamus to the cortex, emerge before sensory input and concur with calcium waves in the embryonic thalamus. We show that the columnar organization of the thalamocortical somatotopic map exists in the mouse embryo before sensory input, thus linking spontaneous embryonic thalamic activity to somatosensory map formation. Without thalamic calcium waves, cortical circuits become hyperexcitable, columnar and barrel organization does not emerge, and the somatosensory map lacks anatomical and functional structure. Thus, a self-organized protomap in the embryonic thalamus drives the functional assembly of murine thalamocortical sensory circuits.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aav7617
Appears in Collections:(IN) Artículos
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