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Kainate receptors, homeostatic gatekeepers of synaptic plasticity

AuthorsValbuena, Sergio; Lerma Gómez, Juan
KeywordsKainate receptors
Synaptic plasticity
Long-term potentiation
Issue Date2020
CitationNeuroscience 456: 17-26 (2020)
AbstractExtensive research over the past decades has characterized multiple forms of synaptic plasticity, identifying them as key processes that allow the brain to operate in a dynamic manner. Within the wide variety of synaptic plasticity modulators, kainate receptors are receiving increasing attention, given their diversity of signaling mechanisms and cellular expression profile. Here, we summarize the experimental evidence about the involvement of kainate receptor signaling in the regulation of short- and long-term plasticity, from the perspective of the regulation of neurotransmitter release. In light of this evidence, we propose that kainate receptors may be considered homeostatic modulators of neurotransmitter release, able to bidirectionally regulate plasticity depending on the functional history of the synapse.
DescriptionThis article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Synaptic plasticity.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2019.11.050
Appears in Collections:(IN) Artículos
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