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Title

Congener-specific determination of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls by polar-embedded reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

AuthorsQuintanilla-López, Jesús Eduardo ; Galindo-Iranzo, Plácido ; Lebrón-Aguilar, Rosa ; Gómara, B.
KeywordsHydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls
Liquid chromatography –mass spectrometry
Polar embedded stationary phases
Matrix effect
Issue Date2020
CitationJournal of chromatography. A 1626 (2020)
AbstractThis paper reports the development of an LC-ESI-MS method for the sensitive determination of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs) in human serum samples. Congener-specific separation was achieved by using a polar-embedded stationary phase, previously optimized for the working group, which provided better separation of isobaric compounds than the common octadecylsilane phases. MS fragmentation patterns and energies showed differences among OH-PCB congeners, mainly depending on the position of OH-group and the number of chlorine atoms in the molecule, although the most intense transitions were always those corresponding to the neutral loss of an HCl group from the quasi-molecular ion cluster. The method allowed the determination of OH-PCBs with good linearity (dynamic linear range of four orders of magnitude with R higher than 0.995) and precision (relative standard deviations of absolute areas lower than 10%), and with better sensitivity than other similar methods previously described in the literature. Matrix effect has been evaluated and reduced to less than 10% by the addition of isotopically labeled standards and a 10-fold dilution of the final sample extract. The low iLODs provided by the developed method (from 1.2 to 5.4 fg µL for all the OH-PCBs studied, except 4′-OH[sbnd]CB108, whose iLOD was 61 fg µL) allows dilution without losses of detected peaks. Finally, the applicability of the method has been demonstrated by analyzing human serum samples belonging to an interlaboratory exercise.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2020.461353
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/217706
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2020.461353
issn: 0021-9673
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