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Title

An electrochemical evaluation of nitrogen-doped carbons as anodes for lithium ion batteries

AuthorsGómez-Martín, Aurora; Martínez-Fernández, J.; Ruttert, Mirco; Winter, Martin; Placke, Tobias; Ramírez-Rico, J.
Issue Date2020
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationCarbon 164: 261- 271 (2020)
AbstractNew anode materials beyond graphite are needed to improve the performance of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Chemical doping with nitrogen has emerged as a simple strategy for enhancing lithium storage in carbon-based anodes. While specific capacity and rate capability are improved by doping, little is known about other key electrochemical properties relevant to practical applications. This work presents a systematic evaluation of electrochemical characteristics of nitrogen-doped carbons derived from a biomass source and urea powder as anodes in LIB half- and full-cells. Results show that doped carbons suffer from a continuous loss in capacity upon cycling that is more severe for higher nitrogen contents. Nitrogen negatively impacts the voltage and energy efficiencies at low charge/discharge current densities. However, as the charge/discharge rate increases, the voltage and energy efficiencies of the doped carbons outperform the non-doped ones. We provide insights towards a fundamental understanding of the requirements needed for practical applications and reveal drawbacks to be overcome by novel doped carbon-based anode materials in LIB applications. With this work, we also want to encourage other researchers to evaluate electrochemical characteristics besides capacity and cycling stability which are mandatory to assess the practicality of novel materials.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2020.04.003
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/217677
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2020.04.003
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.carbon.2020.04.003
issn: 0008-6223
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