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An integrated process for the production of lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis oils using calcined limestone as a heat carrier with catalytic properties

AuthorsVeses Roda, Alberto ; Aznar, María; Callén Romero, Mª Soledad ; Murillo Villuendas, Ramón ; García Martínez, Tomás
Catalytic pyrolysis
Char combustion
Auger reactor
Fluidised-bed reactor
Issue Date10-May-2016
CitationFuel 181: 430-437 (2016)
AbstractThe production of upgraded bio-oils by an integrated process using a mixture of calcined limestone and sand as a heat carrier with catalytic properties was experimentally studied at pilot scale. The integrated process consisted of two main steps: biomass catalytic pyrolysis in an Auger reactor for bio-oil production and char combustion in a fluidised-bed combustor for heat carrier heating and regeneration. A temperature of 450 °C was fixed as an optimum value to carry out the catalytic pyrolysis step. Temperatures ranging from 700 to 800 °C were assessed in the char combustor. Process simulation demonstrated that solid recirculation from the combustor to the pyrolysis reactor was marginally affected in this temperature range. However, an optimum char combustion temperature of 800 °C was selected from an environmental point of view, since lower polyaromatic emissions were detected whilst NOx emissions were kept under the legislation limits. Under designated conditions, several pyrolysis-combustion cycles were carried out. A moderate deactivation of the catalyst by partial carbonation was found. This fact makes necessary the incorporation of a purge and an inlet of fresh heat carrier in order to maintain the bio-oil quality in the integrated process.
Description4 figures, 2 tables.-- Supplementary information available.-- © 2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2016.05.006
Appears in Collections:(ICB) Artículos
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