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Validation of a new serological assay for the identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex-specific antibodies in pigs and wild boar

AuthorsThomas, Jobin; Infantes-Lorenzo, José Antonio; Moreno, Inmaculada; Cano-Terriza, David; Juan, Lucía de; García-Bocanegra, Ignacio; Domínguez, Lucas; Domínguez, Mercedes; Gortázar, Christian ; Risalde, María Ángeles
Issue Date2019
CitationPreventive Veterinary Medicine 162: 11-17 (2019)
Abstract[Background and objectives]: Animal tuberculosis (TB) is a multi-host disease involving a wide variety of domestic and wild mammals and causing a significant economic burden and sanitary problems. Wild boar and domestic pigs (Sus scrofa) are indicators of the circulation of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) and can play a role in its maintenance. The proper diagnosis of MTC contact in these species is, therefore, a key factor as regards controlling TB. The objective of the current study is to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the protein complex P22 as a candidate for use in an in-house ELISA to identify M. tuberculosis complex-specific antibodies for the diagnosis of TB in comparison to the commonly used bPPD-based ELISA (bPPD ELISA) in suids.
[Methods]: We conducted a retrospective study. Sera were collected from wild boar during hunting season and from domestic pigs during routine handling, and all the animals underwent reference standard tests (detailed necropsy followed by bacteriological culture and isolation). Animal TB was confirmed to be positive in 277 animals and negative in 366 animals based on both reference standard tests. Sera from those animals were tested by P22 ELISA as well as bPPD ELISA.
[Results]: Both ELISAs yielded a good diagnostic value, however, a higher sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) was achieved with the P22 ELISA (Se: 84.1%; CI95%: 79.3–88.2% / Sp: 98.4%; CI95%:96.5–99.4%) when compared to the bPPD ELISA (Se: 77.3%; CI95%: 71.9–82.2% / Sp: 97.3%; CI95%: 95–98.3%). An optimum Sp of 100% (CI95%: 98.54–100%) was attained with white pigs for both the bPPD and the P22 ELISA.
[Discussion]: The results suggest that serological tests for MTC-antibody detection, and particularly the P22 ELISA, are valuable tools in the diagnosis of TB in wild boar and domestic pigs when attempting to detect contact with MTC and thereby facilitate TB control and management.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.11.004
Appears in Collections:(IREC) Artículos
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