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Pectin as carbon source for Monilinia laxa, exoproteome and expression profiles of related genes

AuthorsRodríguez-Pires, Silvia; Melgarejo, Paloma; Cal, Antonieta de; Espeso, Eduardo A.
Cell wall degrading enzymes
Pectin degradation
Issue Date24-Jul-2020
PublisherAmerican Phytopathological Society
CitationMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (2020)
AbstractPectin, as part of the fruit cell wall, can be degraded by brown rot fungi by coordinating the production, secretion, and action of extracellular enzymes. In this study, pectin utilization by the necrotroph Monilinia laxa 8L was studied by in vitro and in silico approaches. A total of 403 genes encoding carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes) were identified, including 38 coding a predicted pectin-degrading activity. Analyzing the differences between M. laxa 8L exoproteomes in media containing glucose and pectin as sole carbon sources, we identified 107 pectin-specific proteins, among them, 64.48% harbor a classical secretory activity, including 42 CAZymes and six pectin-degrading proteins. Analyzing the gene-expression patterns of some pectinase families revealed their possible sequential action in pectin disassembly. We found, in vitro, an early pectin-dependent induction of MlRGAE1, MlPG1, and three members of the rhamnosidase family (MlαRHA2, MlαRHA3, and MlαRHA6) and late response of MlPG2 and MlPNL3. M. laxa 8L has the ability to use both pectin and byproducts as carbon sources, based on a functional pectinolytic machinery encoded in its genome, subjected to pectin-dependent regulation and appropriate secretion mechanisms of these pectinolytic enzymes. Differences in the secretion and transcription profile of M. laxa 8L provided insights into the different mechanisms that contribute to brown rot development.
Description73 p.-6 fig.-2 tab.-1 fig. supl.-4 tab.supl.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-01-20-0019-R
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