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Title

COVID-19 Apparent Reproductive Number Dropped During Spain's Nationwide Dropdown, then Spiked at Lower-Incidence Regions

Other TitlesCOVID-19 infection thresholds in Spain
AuthorsSantamaría, Luis ; Hortal, Joaquín
KeywordsCOVID-19
Spain
Regional variation
Rt, policy responses
Lockdown
De-escalation
Issue Date21-Jul-2020
PublisherSSRN
AbstractBackground: COVID-19 pandemic has rapidly spread worldwide. Spain has suffered one of the largest nationwide bursts, particularly in the highly populated areas of Madrid and Barcelona (two of the five largest conurbations in Europe).
Methods: We used segmented regression analyses to identify shifts in the evolution of the apparent reproductive number (Rt) reported for 16 Spanish administrative regions. We associate these breaking points with a timeline of key containment measures taken by national and regional governments, applying time lags for the time from contagion to case detection, with their associated errors.
Findings: Results show an early decrease of Rt that preceded the nationwide lockdown; a generalized, sharp decrease in Rt associated with such lockdown; a low impact of the strengthened lockdown, with a flattening of Rt evolution in high-incidence regions - but increases in Rt at low-incidence regions; and an increase in Rt, associated to the relaxation of the lockdown measures, in ten regions. Interpretation: These results evidence the importance of generalized lockdown measures to contain COVID-19 spread; and the limited effect of the subsequent application of a stricter lockdown (restrictions to all non-essential economic activities). Most importantly, they highlight the importance of maintaining strong social distancing measures and strengthening public health control during lockdown de-escalation.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3619793
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/217228
DOI10.2139/ssrn.3619793
Appears in Collections:(EBD) Artículos
(VICYT) Colección Especial COVID-19
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