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dc.contributor.authorPilotto, Francescaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorKühn, Ingolfes_ES
dc.contributor.authorAdrian, Ritaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorAlber, Renatees_ES
dc.contributor.authorAlignier, Audreyes_ES
dc.contributor.authorAndrews, Christopheres_ES
dc.contributor.authorBäck, Jaanaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorBarbaro, Luces_ES
dc.contributor.authorBeaumont, Deborahes_ES
dc.contributor.authorBeenaerts, Nataliees_ES
dc.contributor.authorBenham, Suees_ES
dc.contributor.authorBoukal, David S.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorBretagnolle, Vincentes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCamatti, Elisaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCanullo, Robertoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCardoso, Patricia G.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorEns, Bruno J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorEveraert, Gertes_ES
dc.contributor.authorEvtimova, Veselaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorFeuchtmayr, Heidrunes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-González, Ricardoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGómez García, Danieles_ES
dc.contributor.authorGrandin, Ulfes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGutowski, Jerzy M.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorHadar, Liates_ES
dc.contributor.authorHalada, Luboses_ES
dc.contributor.authorHalassy, Melindaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorHumme, Hermanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorHuttunen, Kaisa-Leenaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorJaroszewicz, Bogdanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorJensen, Thomas C.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorKalivoda, Henrikes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Inger Kappeles_ES
dc.contributor.authorKröncke, Ingrides_ES
dc.contributor.authorLeinonen, Reimaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMartinho, Filipees_ES
dc.contributor.authorMeesenburg, Henninges_ES
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Juliaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMinerbi, Stefanoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMonteith, Dones_ES
dc.contributor.authorNikolov, Boris P.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorOro, Danieles_ES
dc.contributor.authorOzoliņš, Dāvises_ES
dc.contributor.authorPadedda, Bachisioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPallett, Denisees_ES
dc.contributor.authorPansera, Marcoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPardal, Miguel Ângeloes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPetriccione, Brunoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPipan, Tanjaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPöyry, Juhaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSchäfer, Stefanie M.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorSchaub, Marcuses_ES
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Susanne C.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorSkuja, Agnijaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSoetaert, Karlinees_ES
dc.contributor.authorSpriņģe, Guntaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorStanchev, Radoslaves_ES
dc.contributor.authorStockan, Jenni A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorStoll, Stefanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSundqvist, Lisaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorThimonier, Annees_ES
dc.contributor.authorVan Hoey, Gertes_ES
dc.contributor.authorVan Ryckegem, Guntheres_ES
dc.contributor.authorVisser, Marcel E.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorVorhauser, Samueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorHaase, Peteres_ES
dc.identifier.citationNature Communications 11: 3486 (2020)es_ES
dc.descriptionEste artículo contiene 11 páginas, 2 tablas, 4 figuras.es_ES
dc.description.abstractLocal biodiversity trends over time are likely to be decoupled from global trends, as local processes may compensate or counteract global change. We analyze 161 long-term biological time series (15–91 years) collected across Europe, using a comprehensive dataset comprising ~6,200 marine, freshwater and terrestrial taxa. We test whether (i) local long-term biodiversity trends are consistent among biogeoregions, realms and taxonomic groups, and (ii) changes in biodiversity correlate with regional climate and local conditions. Our results reveal that local trends of abundance, richness and diversity differ among biogeoregions, realms and taxonomic groups, demonstrating that biodiversity changes at local scale are often complex and cannot be easily generalized. However, we find increases in richness and abundance with increasing temperature and naturalness as well as a clear spatial pattern in changes in community composition (i.e. temporal taxonomic turnover) in most biogeoregions of Northern and Eastern Europe.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipWe are grateful to the ILTER network and the eLTER PLUS project (Grand Agreement No. 871128) for financial support. We acknowledge the E-OBS dataset from the EUFP6 project ENSEMBLES (http://ensembles-eu.metoffice.com) and the data providers in the ECA&D project (http://www.ecad.eu). The evaluation of forest plant diversity was based on data collected by partners of the official UNECE ICP Forests Network (http://icp-forests.net/contributors); part of the data were co-financed by the European Commission, project LIFE 07 ENV/D/000218 “Further Development and Implementation of an EU-level Forest monitoring Systeme (FutMon)”. Data on wintering water birds in Bulgaria were provided by the national Executive Environment Agency with the Ministry of Environment and Waters. Data from the Finnish moth monitoring scheme were supported by the Finnish Ministry of the Environment. Data from the Swedish ICP Integrated Monitoring sites were financed by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Data collection at Esthwaite Water and a subset of UK ECN sites was supported by Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/ R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCaPE programme delivering National Capability. Sponsorship of other UK ECN sites contributing data was provided by Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Natural Resources Wales, Defense Science Technology Laboratory, Environment Agency, Forestry Commission, Forest Research, the James Hutton Institute (The Rural & Environment Science & Analytical Services Division of the Scottish Government), Natural England, Rothamsted Research, Scottish Government, Scottish Natural Heritage and the Welsh Government. Data from the Mondego estuary (Portugal) were supported by the Centre for Functional Ecology Strategic Project (UID/BIA/04004/2019) within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and COMPETE 2020, and by FEDER through the project ReNATURE (Centro 2020, Centro-01-765-0145-FEDER-000007). We would like to thank Limburgse Koepel voor Natuurstudie (LiKoNa) for the data related to the National Park Hoge Kempen (BE). We would like to acknowledge the support for the long-term monitoring program MONEOS in the Scheldt estuary (BE) by ‘De Vlaamse Waterweg’ and ‘Maritieme Toegang’ (Flemish government). We are grateful to the board of the National Park “De Hoge Veluwe” for the permission to conduct our research on their property. We thank Ian J. Winfield and Terje Bongard for contributing data for the sites: Bassenthwaite Lake, Derwent Water (UK) and Atna River (Norway, freshwater invertebrate time series). Open access funding provided by Umeå University.es_ES
dc.publisherSpringer Naturees_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.titleMeta-analysis of multidecadal biodiversity trends in Europees_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
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