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Paleoenvironmental evolution of the Early Pleistocene lacustrine sequence at Barranco León archeological site (Orce, Baza Basin, Southern Spain) from stable isotopes and Sr and Mg chemistry of ostracod shells

AuthorsAnadón, Pere ; Gabàs, M.
KeywordsLacustrine deposits
Stable isotopes
Trace-element geochemistry
Southern Spain
Issue DateNov-2008
CitationJournal of Paleolimnology 42(2): 104-117 (2009)
AbstractStable isotope and trace element contents of Cyprideis torosa valves from the Lower Pleistocene marginal lacustrine sequence of Barranco León, Baza Basin (Southern Spain), allow us to reconstruct the geochemical record of environmental change in this marginal area of the basin and to compare these data with the environmental changes inferred from the faunal associations. Hydrochemical features of the Baza Lake system have been influenced by changes in water source, solute composition, and water level during the past. Three water types may have been involved in a complex mixing in the marginal area during the studied intervals (1) waters of the Baza lacustrine system that underwent large P/E changes, (2) dilute, meteoric water inputs (surface and shallow groundwaters), (3) saline groundwater inputs of meteoric origin that acquired their salinity by halite and gypsum dissolution. Four stages in the Pleistocene paleoenvironmental evolution of the Barranco León area have been differentiated: stage I records a high lake level (highstand) of the saline closed-lake system. Stage II corresponds to very shallow, palustrine conditions. Stage III records the varying influence of the three water types under changing water level in a closed-lake. Stage IV corresponds to a through-flowing, open lacustrine environment mainly fed by meteoric saline groundwaters with minor inputs of stream waters. This small through-flowing lake was connected to a larger, inner saline closed-lake system. The BL 5 mammal site with lithic tools of an early human occupation phase in Western Europe corresponds to a particular episode within this stage of the environmental evolution in the marginal zone of the Baza Lake.
Publisher version (URL)http://www.springerlink.com/content/x74p418324136078/fulltext.html
Appears in Collections:(ICTJA) Artículos
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