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Potentialization of bentonite properties as support in acid catalysts

AuthorsAmaya, Jahaziel; Bobadilla, L. F.; Azancot, Lola; Centeno, Miguel Ángel ; Moreno, S.; Molina, Rafael
Issue Date2020
PublisherPergamon Press
CitationMaterials Research Bulletin 123 (2020)
AbstractEnhancement of the main physicochemical properties of a natural bentonite was carried out by means of modifications using surfactant, reflux, microwave treatment and, subsequently, the incorporation of AlZr and AlCe species. The evolution of the main changes in each modification stage was evaluated by means of X-ray diffraction, N sortometry, scanning microscopy (SEM), NH-TPD, NH-DRIFTS and CO adsorption at low temperature. For the evaluation of the catalytic behavior, the dehydration-dehydrogenation reactions of 2-propanol and hydro-conversion of decane were used; both of which generate, in addition, information regarding the acidic properties of the materials. The correlation of the number, type and acid strength with the catalytic behavior, allowed establishing the effect produced by both the delamination method and the nature of the incorporated cation. This generated tools that allow controlling the physicochemical properties, and more specifically, the enhancement of the acidity of new supports based on this type of natural clay mineral.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2019.110728
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.materresbull.2019.110728
issn: 0025-5408
Appears in Collections:(ICMS) Artículos
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