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Invited review: Role of rumen biohydrogenation intermediates and rumen microbes in diet-induced milk fat depression: An update

AuthorsDewanckele, L.; Toral, Pablo G. ; Vlaeminck, B.; Fievez, V.
KeywordsBiohydrogenating bacteria
Biohydrogenation theory
Mammary lipogenesis
Trans-10 shift
Issue Date2020
PublisherAmerican Dairy Science Association
CitationJournal of Dairy Science, 103 (9): 7655-7681 (2020)
AbstractTo meet the energy requirements of high-yielding dairy cows, grains and fats have increasingly been incorporated in ruminant diets. Moreover, lipid supplements have been included in ruminant diets under experimental or practical conditions to increase the concentrations of bioactive n-3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acids in milk and meat. Nevertheless, those feeding practices have dramatically increased the incidence of milk fat depression in dairy cattle. Although induction of milk fat depression may be a management tool, most often, diet-induced milk fat depression is unintended and associated with a direct economic loss. In this review, we give an update on the role of fatty acids, particularly originating from rumen biohydrogenation, as well as of rumen microbes in diet-induced milk fat depression. Although this syndrome seems to be multi-etiological, the best-known causal factor remains the shift in rumen biohydrogenation pathway from the formation of mainly trans-11 intermediates toward greater accumulation of trans-10 intermediates, referred to as the trans-11 to trans-10 shift. The microbial etiology of this trans-11 to trans-10 shift is not well understood yet and it seems that unraveling the microbial mechanisms of diet-induced milk fat depression is challenging. Potential strategies to avoid diet-induced milk fat depression are supplementation with rumen stabilizers, selection toward more tolerant animals, tailored management of cows at risk, selection toward more efficient fiberdigesting cows, or feeding less concentrates and grains
Description27 páginas, 6 figuras, 2 tablas.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2019-17662
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