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Unveiling the power spectra of delta Scuti stars with TESS The temperature, gravity, and frequency scaling relation

AuthorsBarceló Forteza, S.; Moya, A.; Barrado, D.; Solano, E.; Martín-Ruiz, Susana ; Suárez Yanes, Juan Carlos; García Hernández, Antonio
Stars; variables
Delta Scuti
Issue Date2020
PublisherEDP Sciences
CitationAstronomy and Astrophysics - Les Ulis 638: A59 (2020)
AbstractThanks to high-precision photometric data legacy from space telescopes like CoRoT andKepler, the scientific community could detect and characterize the power spectra of hundreds of thousands of stars. Using the scaling relations, it is possible to estimate masses and radii for solar-type pulsators. However, these stars are not the only kind of stellar objects that follow these rules:delta Scuti stars seem to be characterized with seismic indexes such as the large separation (Delta nu). Thanks to long-duration high-cadence TESS light curves, we analysed more than two thousand of this kind of classical pulsators. In that way, we propose the frequency at maximum power (nu(max)) as a proper seismic index since it is directly related with the intrinsic temperature, mass and radius of the star. This parameter seems not to be affected by rotation, inclination, extinction or resonances, with the exception of the evolution of the stellar parameters. Furthermore, we can constrain rotation and inclination using the departure of temperature produced by the gravity-darkening effect. This is especially feasible for fast rotators as most of delta Scuti stars seem to be. © ESO 2020.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201937262
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