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Low temperature conversion of levulinic acid into γ-valerolactone using Zn to generate hydrogen from water and nickel catalysts supported on sepiolite

AuthorsGarcía, Adrián; Sanchis, Rut; Miguel, P. J.; Dejoz, Ana; Pico, María Pilar; López, María Luisa; Álvarez-Serrano, Inmaculada; García Martínez, Tomás ; Solsona, Benjamín
Issue Date27-May-2020
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)
CitationRSC Advances 10(35): 20395-20404 (2020)
AbstractIn the present article, gamma-valerolactone has been obtained from levulinic acid with a yield exceeding 25% using very mild conditions without feeding hydrogen (30 degrees C, atmospheric pressure, water as the hydrogen source). The overall reaction conducted is a two-step process: first, a redox reaction involving the oxidation of metallic Zn to ZnO for in situ hydrogen production through the water splitting reaction and, second, a catalytic reaction involving Ni-supported catalysts for the production of gamma-valerolactone from levulinic acid. Ni active sites have been supported on sepiolite, an abundant and cheap material. The nickel particle size has been demonstrated to be a parameter of paramount importance determining the catalytic activity, since the best catalytic performance is obtained with the smallest Ni nanoparticles. This combination of Zn and Ni supported on sepiolite shows a good catalytic stability after three catalytic runs.
Description1 Scheme, 2 tables, 7 figures.-- Supplementary material available.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/d0ra04018e
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