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Methane dynamics in the coastal – Continental shelf transition zone of the Gulf of Cadiz

AuthorsSierra, A.; Jiménez-López, D.; Ortega, T.; Fernández-Puga, M. C.; Delgado Huertas, Antonio ; Forja, Jesús M.
Stable carbon isotope
Sea – atmosphere exchange
Coastal zone
Mud volcanoes
Gulf of Cadiz
Issue Date19-Feb-2020
PublisherElsevier BV
CitationEstuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 236 : 106653 (2020)
AbstractThe concentration of CH in water was measured along five transects in the Gulf of Cadiz (Trafalgar, Sancti Petri, Guadalquivir, Tinto - Odiel and Guadiana) during four cruises throughout the months of March, June, September and December 2016. For two of the cruises water overlying three mud volcanoes situated in the Gulf of Cadiz were also sampled (San Petersburgo, 860 m; Pipoca, 460 m; and Anastasya, 500 m. In addition, the stable carbon isotopic compositions of dissolved CH (δC) were measured in the study area in June and December 2016. The mean CH value for the whole water column was 10.5 ± 4.3 nmol L, with large spatial and temporal variations. The highest values were found in June 2016 and the lowest in March 2016. In surface waters, the mean dissolved methane concentration was of 9.6 ± 2.6 nmol L. In most of the sampling area, high concentrations of CH were found in subsurface waters at depths close to the thermocline and at the coastal stations. The highest concentrations were obtained from the bottom waters above the Anastasya mud volcano (125 nmol L). The stable carbon isotope compositions ranged between - 29.2 and - 58.4‰, and the least negative values were associated with the highest CH concentrations in samples from above the mud volcanoes, related to thermogenic values. The sea-air fluxes of CH ranged from 12.4 to 37.7 μmol m d, showing that the study area acts as a source of CH to the atmosphere.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106653
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106653
issn: 0272-7714
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