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The Dependence of Convective Core Overshooting on Stellar Mass: Additional Binary Systems and Improved Calibration

AuthorsClaret dos Santos, Antonio ; Torres, Guillermo
KeywordsBinaries: eclipsing
Stars: evolution
Stars: fundamental parameters
Stars: interiors
Issue Date2018
PublisherIOP Publishing
CitationAstrophysical Journal 859: 100 (2018)
AbstractMany current stellar evolution models assume some dependence of the strength of convective core overshooting on mass for stars more massive than 1.1-1.2 M, but the adopted shapes for that relation have remained somewhat arbitrary for lack of strong observational constraints. In previous work, we compared stellar evolution models to well-measured eclipsing binaries to show that, when overshooting is implemented as a diffusive process, the fitted free parameter f rises sharply up to about 2 M, and remains largely constant thereafter. Here, we analyze a new sample of eight binaries selected to be in the critical mass range below 2 M where f is changing the most, nearly doubling the number of individual stars in this regime. This interval is important because the precise way in which f changes determines the shape of isochrones in the turnoff region of ∼1-5 Gyr clusters, and can thus affect their inferred ages. It also has a significant influence on estimates of stellar properties for exoplanet hosts, on stellar population synthesis, and on the detailed modeling of interior stellar structures, including the calculation of oscillation frequencies that are observable with asteroseismic techniques. We find that the derived f values for our new sample are consistent with the trend defined by our earlier determinations, and strengthen the relation. This provides an opportunity for future series of models to test the new prescription, grounded on observations, against independent observations that may constrain overshooting in a different way. © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aabd35
Identifiersdoi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aabd35
e-issn: 1538-4357
issn: 0004-637X
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