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Modeling and Control of Underwater Mine Explorer Robot UX-1

AuthorsSuárez Fernández, Ramón A.; Grande, Davide; Martins, Alfredo; Bascetta, Luca; Domínguez, Sergio; Rossi, Claudio
Mine exploration
Robot control
Spherical robot
Issue Date25-Mar-2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
CitationIEEE Access 7: 39432-39447 (2019)
AbstractThis paper presents the design and experimental assessment of the control system for the UX-1 robot, a novel spherical underwater vehicle for flooded mine tunnel exploration. Propulsion and maneuvering are based on an innovative manifold system. First, the overall design concepts of the robot are presented. Then, a theoretical six degree-of-freedom (DOF) dynamic model of the system is derived. Based on the dynamic model, two control systems have been developed and tested, one based on the principle of nonlinear state feedback linearization and another based on a finite horizon linear quadratic regulator (LQR). A series of experimental tests have been carried out in a controlled environment to experimentally identify the complex parameters of the dynamic model. Furthermore, the two proposed controllers have been tested in underwater path tracking experiments designed to simulate navigation in mine tunnel environments. The experimental results demonstrated the effectiveness of both the proposed controllers and showed that the state feedback linearization controller outperforms the finite horizon LQR controller in terms of robustness and response time, while the LQR appears to be superior in terms of fall time.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2907193
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