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Phonon Bridge Effect in Superlattices of Thermoelectric TiNiSn/HfNiSn With Controlled Interface Intermixing

AuthorsHeinz, Sven; Chávez, Emigdio ; Trapp, Maximilian; Kleebe, Hans-Joachim; Jakob, Gerhard
Thermal conductivity
Coherent phonon
3 omega
3 omega method
Magnetron sputtering
Thin film
Thermal boundary resistance
Issue Date2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationNanomaterials 10(6): 1239 (2020)
AbstractThe implementation of thermal barriers in thermoelectric materials improves their power conversion rates effectively. For this purpose, material boundaries are utilized and manipulated to affect phonon transmissivity. Specifically, interface intermixing and topography represents a useful but complex parameter for thermal transport modification. This study investigates epitaxial thin film multilayers, so called superlattices (SL), of TiNiSn/HfNiSn, both with pristine and purposefully deteriorated interfaces. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffractometry are used to characterize their structural properties in detail. A differential 3 ω -method probes their thermal resistivity. The thermal resistivity reaches a maximum for an intermediate interface quality and decreases again for higher boundary layer intermixing. For boundaries with the lowest interface quality, the interface thermal resistance is reduced by 23% compared to a pristine SL. While an uptake of diffuse scattering likely explains the initial deterioration of thermal transport, we propose a phonon bridge interpretation for the lowered thermal resistivity of the interfaces beyond a critical intermixing. In this picture, the locally reduced acoustic contrast of the less defined boundary acts as a mediator that promotes phonon transition.
Description© 2020 by the authors
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061239
Appears in Collections:(CIN2) Artículos
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