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Capacitance enhancement of hydrothermally reduced graphene oxide nanofibers

AuthorsTorres Gamarra, Daniel; Pérez Rodríguez, Sara; Sebastián del Río, David ; Pinilla Ibarz, José Luis ; Lázaro Elorri, María Jesús ; Suelves Laiglesia, Isabel
KeywordsCarbon nanofibers
Reduced graphene oxide nanofibers
Hydrothermal reduction
Issue Date30-May-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationNanomaterials 10(6): 1056 (2020)
AbstractNanocarbon materials present sp2-carbon domains skilled for electrochemical energy conversion or storage applications. In this work, we investigate graphene oxide nanofibers (GONFs) as a recent interesting carbon material class. This material combines the filamentous morphology of the starting carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and the interlayer spacing of graphene oxide, and exhibits a domain arrangement accessible for fast transport of electrons and ions. Reduced GONFs (RGONFs) present the partial removal of basal functional groups, resulting in higher mesoporosity, turbostratic stacking, and surface chemistry less restrictive for transport phenomena. Besides, the filament morphology minimizes the severe layer restacking shown in the reduction of conventional graphene oxide sheets. The influence of the reduction temperature (140–220 °C) on the electrochemical behaviour in aqueous 0.5 M H2SO4 of RGONFs is reported. RGONFs present an improved capacitance up to 16 times higher than GONFs, ascribed to the unique structure of RGONFs containing accessible turbostratic domains and restored electronic conductivity. Hydrothermal reduction at 140 °C results in the highest capacitance as evidenced by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements (up to 137 F·g−1). Higher temperatures lead to the removal of sulphur groups and slightly thicker graphite domains, and consequently a decrease of the capacitance.
Description© 2020 by the authors.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061056
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