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High Stabilization of Enzymes Immobilized on Rigid Hydrophobic Glyoxyl-Supports: Generation of Hydrophilic Environments on Support Surfaces

AuthorsOrrego, Alejandro H.; Romero-Fernández, Maria; Millán-Linares, María del Carmen ; Pedroche, Justo ; Guisán, José Manuel ; Rocha-Martín, Javier
KeywordsProtein stabilization
Protein immobilization
2-picoline borane
Methacrylic support
Support hydrophilization
Issue Date16-Jun-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationCatalysts 10(6): 676 (2020)
AbstractVery rigid supports are useful for enzyme immobilization to design continuous flow reactors and/or to work in non-conventional media. Among them, epoxy-methacrylic supports are easily functionalized with glyoxyl groups, which makes them ideal candidates for enzyme stabilization via multipoint covalent immobilization. However, these supports present highly hydrophobic surfaces, which might promote very undesirable effects on enzyme activity and/or stability. The hydrophilization of the support surface after multipoint enzyme immobilization is proposed here as an alternative to reduce these undesirable effects. The remaining aldehyde groups on the support are modified with aminated hydrophilic small molecules (glycine, lysine or aspartic acid) in the presence of 2-picoline borane. The penicillin G acylase from Escherichia coli (PGA) and alcohol dehydrogenase from Thermus thermophilus HB27 (ADH2) were immobilized on glyoxyl-functionalized agarose, Relizyme and Relisorb. Despite the similar density of aldehyde groups displayed by functionalized supports, their stabilization effects on immobilized enzymes were quite different: up to 300-fold lower by hydrophobic supports than by highly hydrophilic glyoxyl-agarose. A dramatic increase in the protein stabilities was shown when a hydrophilization treatment of the hydrophobic support surface was done. The PGA immobilized on the glyoxyl-Relisorb hydrophilized with aspartic acid becomes 280-fold more stable than without any treatment, and it is even more stable than the PGA immobilized on the glyoxyl agarose.
Description© 2020 by the authors.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10060676
Appears in Collections:(IG) Artículos
(ICP) Artículos
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