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Title

A Three-Step Process for the Bioconversion of Whey Permeate into a Glucose-Free D-Tagatose Syrup

AuthorsCervantes, Fadia V.; Neifar, Sawssan; Merdzo, Zoran; Viña-González, Javier ; Fernández Arrojo, Lucía ; Ballesteros Olmo, Antonio ; Fernández-Lobato, María ; Bejar, Samir; Plou Gasca, Francisco José
KeywordsBiocatalysis
Glycosidases
Isomerases
Pichia pastoris
Sweeteners
Rare sugars
Cheese whey
Sustainable chemistry
Issue Date9-Jun-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationCatalysts 10 (6): 647 (2020)
AbstractWe have developed a sustainable three-stage process for the revaluation of cheese whey permeate into D-tagatose, a rare sugar with functional properties used as sweetener. The experimental conditions (pH, temperature, cofactors, etc.) for each step were independently optimized. In the first step, concentrated whey containing 180–200 g/L of lactose was fully hydrolyzed by β-galactosidase from <i>Bifidobacterium bifidum</i> (Saphera<sup>®</sup>) in 3 h at 45 °C. Secondly, glucose was selectively removed by treatment with <i>Pichia pastoris</i> cells for 3 h at 30 °C. The best results were obtained with 350 mg of cells (previously grown for 16 h) per mL of solution. Finally, L-arabinose isomerase US100 from <i>Bacillus stearothermophilus</i> was employed to isomerize D-galactose into D-tagatose at pH 7.5 and 65 °C, in presence of 0.5 mM MnSO<sub>4</sub>. After 7 h, the concentration of D-tagatose was approximately 30 g/L (33.3% yield, referred to the initial D-galactose present in whey). The proposed integrated process takes place under mild conditions (neutral pH, moderate temperatures) in a short time (13 h), yielding a glucose-free syrup containing D-tagatose and galactose in a ratio 1:2 (<i>w</i>/<i>w</i>).
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/215652
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/catal10060647
10.3390/catal10060647
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(ICP) Artículos
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