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Responses of Microbiological Soil Properties to Intercropping at Different Planting Densities in an Acidic Andisol

AuthorsSchoebitz, Mauricio; Castillo, Dalma; Jorquera, Milko; Roldán, Antonio
KeywordsEnzyme activities
White lupin
Nutrient uptake
Volcanic soil
Issue Date30-May-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationAgronomy 10(6): 781 (2020)
AbstractIntercropping could increase the capacity of crops to use soil resources. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of lupin/wheat intercropping on soil properties, grain yield and nutrient uptake at different plant densities. Lupin and wheat were grown under field conditions as monocrops and intercrops. Soil nutrient availability and relative abundance of functional genes (acdS, phoD, phoC and nifH) were evaluated. The results obtained indicate that the cropping system had a significant effect (p < 0.001) on N and P availability. Lupin monocrop led to significantly higher N availability compared to intercrop. Intercropping resulted in significantly lower Olsen-P and K in soil concentrations compared to monocropping. No significant differences were observed in enzyme activity, except for phosphatase, which was 152% greater in the treatments at high plant density. Foliar nutrients were significantly higher in intercropping compared to monocropping. Acid phosphatase gene phoC was more abundant than the alkaline phosphatase gene phoD, which plays a more relevant role in acidic Andisols. The results confirm that N and P mobilization can improve nutrient absorption on wheat. When intercropped, lupin had positive effects on wheat due to its P mobilization capacity, while no effects were observed on lupin.
Description© 2020 by the authors.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10060781
Appears in Collections:(CEBAS) Artículos
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