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Zebrafish pten Genes Play Relevant but Distinct Roles in Antiviral Immunity

AuthorsPereiro, Patricia ; Figueras Huerta, Antonio ; Novoa, Beatriz
Phosphatidylinositol 3–kinase (PI3K)/AKT
Immune response
Issue Date26-Apr-2020
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationVaccines 8(2): 199 (2020)
AbstractThe PTEN (phosphatase and TENsin homolog on chromosome 10) gene encodes a bifunctional phosphatase that acts as a tumor suppressor. However, PTEN has been implicated in different immune processes, including autophagy, inflammation, regulation of natural killer (NK) cell cytolytic activity and type I interferon responses. Unlike mammals, zebrafish possess two pten genes (ptena and ptenb). This study explores the involvement of both zebrafish pten genes in antiviral defense. Although ptena−/− and ptenb−/− larvae were more susceptible to Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV), the viral replication rate was lower in the mutant larvae than in the wild-type larvae. We observed that both mutant lines showed alterations in the transcription of numerous genes, including those related to the type I interferon (IFN) system, cytolytic activity, autophagy and inflammation, and some of these genes were regulated in opposite ways depending on which pten gene was mutated. Even though the lower replication rate of SVCV could be associated with impaired autophagy in the mutant lines, the higher mortality observed in the ptena−/− and ptenb−/− larvae does not seem to be associated with an uncontrolled inflammatory response.
Description© 2020 by the authors.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8020199
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos
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