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Length-weight relationships of mesopelagic fishes from the equatorial and tropical Atlantic waters: influence of environment and body shape

AuthorsLópez-Pérez, C. ; Olivar, M. Pilar ; Hulley, P. Alexander; Tuset, Víctor M.
KeywordsAtlantic Ocean
Mesopelagic fishes
Oceanographic gradient
Size-weight growth
Issue DateJun-2020
PublisherFisheries Society of the British Isles
CitationJournal of Fish Biology 96(6): 1388-1398 (2020)
AbstractLength–weight relationships (LWRs) were estimated for 36 mesopelagic fish species collected from the equatorial and tropical Atlantic encompassing several oceanographic regions: oligotrophic, equatorial, Cape Blanc, Cape Verde and the Canary Islands. The sample was composed of myctophids (25 species), gonostomatids (5), sternoptychids (3), stomiids (2) and phosichthyids (1). The species were clustered according to body shape: “short‐deep” (sternoptychids), “elongate” (gonostomatids, stomiids and some phosichthyids) and “fusiform” (myctophids and some phosichthyids). Three types of weight and LWRs were considered: wet weight (WW ), eviscerated wet weight (eWW ) and eviscerated dry weight (eDW ). The study demonstrated that most species present a positive allometric growth, independent of the weight used. However, the allometric value varied in 40–50% of species depending on the type of weight considered. Significant variations linked to fish morphology were found in the relationship between the slope and intercept of the LWR equation. Significant differences were also noted in the water content linked to fish body shape. Based on the distributions of several species we compare their fitness between oceanographic regions using the relative condition factor (K rel). Except for Diaphus brachycephalus (oligotrophic vs. equatorial waters) and Lampanyctus alatus (equatorial, Cape Blanc, Cape Verde and the Canary Islands), no regional significant differences were observed in the species analysed
Description11 pages, 2 figures, 4 tables, supporting information https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14307
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14307
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