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Freezing–thawing procedures remodel the proteome of ram sperm before and after in vitro capacitation

AuthorsPeris, Patricia; Martín-Maestro, Alicia; Iniesta-Cuerda, María; Sánchez-Ajofrín, Irene; Mateos-Hernández, Lourdes ; Garde, José Julián ; Villar, Margarita ; Soler, Ana J.
Issue Date2019
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences 20(18): 4596 (2019)
AbstractMammalian sperm must undergo a set of structural and functional changes collectively termed as capacitation to ensure a successful oocyte fertilization. However, capacitation can be compromised by cryopreservation procedures, which alter the proteome and longevity of sperm. To date, how the protein changes induced by cryopreservation could affect the acquisition of sperm fertilizing potential remains unexplored. The present study investigated the protein profile of ram sperm during in vitro capacitation before and after cryopreservation to elucidate the impact of cryopreservation on sperm capacitation at a molecular level. Fresh and cryopreserved ram sperm were incubated under capacitating (CAP) and non-capacitating (NC) conditions for 240 min. The sperm proteome of these four treatments was analyzed and compared at different incubation times using reverse phase liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (RP-LC-MS/MS). The comparison between fresh and cryopreserved sperm suggested that cryopreservation facilitated an apoptosis-stress response and redox process, while the comparison between sperm incubated in CAP and NC conditions showed that capacitation increased those biological processes associated with signaling, metabolism, motility, and reproductive processes. In addition, 14 proteins related to mitochondrial activity, sperm motility, oocyte recognition, signaling, spermatogenesis, and the apoptosis-stress response underwent significant changes in abundance over time when fresh and cryopreserved sperm incubated in CAP and NC conditions were compared. Our results indicate that disturbances in a ram sperm proteome after cryopreservation may alter the quality of sperm and its specific machinery to sustain capacitation under in vitro conditions.
DescriptionThis article belongs to the Section Molecular Biology.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20184596
Appears in Collections:(IREC) Artículos
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