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Food safety risk assessment of metal pollution in crayfish from two historical mining areas: Accounting for bioavailability and cooking extractability

AuthorsRodríguez-Estival, Jaime ; Morales-Machuca, Carlos; Pareja-Carrera, Jennifer; Ortiz-Santaliestra, Manuel E. ; Mateo, Rafael
Red swamp crayfish
Procambarus clarkii
Issue Date2019
CitationEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety 185: 109682 (2019)
AbstractHere we characterize the bioaccumulation of mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb) in red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) from two river courses in Central Spain that are impacted by historical Hg and Pb mining activities, respectively. We estimate the absolute oral bioavailability of metals in crayfish tissues by means of in vitro bioaccessibility simulations, and assess whether their consumption may imply a health risk for humans by estimating target hazard quotients and safe consumption rates. We also study the effect of cooking crayfish on the mobilization of the metal body burden in the context of the traditional Spanish cuisine. The results showed that crayfish from the mining districts accumulated a high level of Hg and Pb pollution in both the tail muscle and the carcass. The in vitro bioaccessibility of Hg and Pb in the edible part was 27.86 ± 4.05 and 33.73 ± 5.91%, respectively. Absolute bioavailability was estimated to be 38.31 for Hg, and 20.21 (adults) and 67.35% (children) for Pb. Risk indices indicated that, even after adjusting for bioavailability, it is not safe to consume crayfish from the mining-impacted rivers because of their high levels of Hg and Pb. Using the carcass as a condiment for flavouring should also be avoided. The cooking procedure extracted relatively small amounts of the total Hg (8.92 ± 2.13%) and Pb (1.68 ± 0.29%) body burden. Further research that will support human and ecological risk assessment, along with the implementation of advisory measures for the local population as regards crayfish consumption, are recommended.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109682
Appears in Collections:(IREC) Artículos
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