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Hydrolysis and transgalactosylation catalysed by β-galactosidase from brush border membrane vesicles isolated from pig small intestine: A study using lactulose and its mixtures with lactose or galactose as substrates

AuthorsJulio-González, L. C.; Hernández-Hernández, Oswaldo ; Moreno, F. Javier ; Jimeno, M. Luisa ; Doyagüez, Elisa G.; Olano, Agustín ; Corzo, Nieves
Pig small intestinal
Issue Date2020
Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology
CitationFood Research International 129: 108811 (2020)
AbstractEnzymatic transgalactosylation, in different concentrated carbohydrate solutions, was investigated using brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) from the pig small intestine. When lactulose was incubated with BBMV, the hydrolytic activity of the enzyme towards the disaccharide was observed to be very low compared to that towards the lactose, but the linkage specificity β-(1 → 3), previously observed in lactose solutions, was not significantly affected. As in the case of lactose, lactulose transgalactosylation by BBMV synthesizes the corresponding 3′-galactosyl derivative (β-Gal-(1 → 3)-β-Gal-(1 → 4)-β-Fru). Fructose released during lactulose hydrolysis was found to be good acceptor for the transgalactosylation reaction, giving rise to the synthesis of the disaccharide β-Gal-(1 → 5)-Fru. When incubating an 80/20 mixture of lactulose/galactose, the presence of galactose did not affect the qualitative composition of the transglycosylated substrate but enhanced the synthesis of β-Gal-(1 → 5)-Fru and decreased the synthesis of β-(1 → 3) glycosidic bonds. The marked tendency for synthesizing this linkage indicates that under hydrolytic conditions, β-Gal-(1 → 3)-Gal- and β-Gal-(1 → 5)-Fru glycosidic bonds would be preferentially digested.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108811
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2019.108811
issn: 1873-7145
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