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Title

Determinants of the current and future distribution of the West Nile virus mosquito vector Culex pipiens in Spain [dataset]

AuthorsGangoso, Laura ; Aragonés, David ; Martínez de la Puente, Josué ; Lucientes, Javier; Delacour-Estrella, Sarah; Estrada, Rosa; Montalvo, Tomás; Bueno-Marí, Rubén; Bravo-Barriga, Daniel; Frontera, Eva; Marqués, Eduard; Ruiz-Arrondo, Ignacio; Muñoz, Ana; Oteo, José A.; Miranda, Miguel Ángel; Barceló, Carlos ; Arias Vázquez, María Sol; Silva-Torres, María Isabel; Ferraguti, Martina; Magallanes, Sergio; Muriel, Jaime ; Marzal, Alfonso; Aranda, Carles; Ruiz, Santiago; González, Mikel A.; Morchón, Rodrigo; Gómez-Barroso, Diana; Figuerola, Jordi
KeywordsCulex pipiens
Mosquitoes
Spain
Distribution
Presence
Issue Date30-Jun-2020
PublisherDIGITAL.CSIC
CitationGangoso, Laura ; Aragonés, David ; Martínez de la Puente, Josué ; Lucientes, Javier; Delacour-Estrella, Sarah; Estrada, Rosa; Montalvo, Tomás; Bueno-Marí, Rubén; Bravo-Barriga, Daniel; Frontera, Eva; Marqués, Eduard; Ruiz-Arrondo, Ignacio; Muñoz, Ana; Oteo, José A.; Miranda, Miguel Ángel; Barceló, Carlos ; Arias Vázquez, María Sol; Silva-Torres, María Isabel; Ferraguti, Martina ; Magallanes, Sergio; Muriel, Jaime; Marzal, Alfonso; Aranda, Carles; Ruiz, Santiago; González, Mikel A.; Morchón, Rodrigo; Gómez-Barroso, Diana; Figuerola, Jordi; 2020; "Determinants of the current and future distribution of the West Nile virus mosquito vector Culex pipiens in Spain [dataset]; DIGITAL.CSIC; http://dx.doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/12545
AbstractChanges in environmental conditions, whether related or not to human activities, are continuously modifying the geographic distribution of vectors, which in turn affects the dynamics and distribution of vector-borne infectious diseases. Determining the main ecological drivers of vector distribution and how predicted changes in these drivers may alter their future distributions is therefore of major importance. However, the drivers of vector populations are largely specific to each vector species and region. Here, we identify the most important human-activity-related and bioclimatic predictors affecting the current distribution and habitat suitability of the mosquito Culex pipiens and potential future changes in its distribution in Spain. We determined the niche of occurrence (NOO) of the species, which considers only those areas lying within the range of suitable environmental conditions using presence data. Although almost ubiquitous, the distribution of Cx. pipiens is mostly explained by elevation and the degree of urbanization but also, to a lesser extent, by mean temperatures during the wettest season and temperature seasonality. The combination of these predictors highlights the existence of a heterogeneous pattern of habitat suitability, with most suitable areas located in the southern and northeastern coastal areas of Spain, and unsuitable areas located at higher altitude and in colder regions. Future climatic predictions indicate a net decrease in distribution of up to 29.55%, probably due to warming and greater temperature oscillations. Despite these predicted changes in vector distribution, their effects on the incidence of infectious diseases are, however, difficult to forecast since different processes such as local adaptation to temperature, vector-pathogen interactions, and human-derived changes in landscape may play important roles in shaping the future dynamics of pathogen transmission.
DescriptionDatos de presencia de Culex pipiens en España obtenidos mediante distintas técnicas de muestreo: Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), BG-Sentinel, Encephalitis Vector Survey (EVS), trampas de oviposición, aspiradores para muestreo de mosquitos adultos, y dippers para muestreo de larvas. Se indican las coordenadas (latitud y longitud, grados decimales) de cada punto de muestreo (N= 6,755), así como el Municipio, Provincia, Comunidad Autónoma, periodo/s y año correspondientes. Se indica también la persona responsable de los datos de cada muestreo.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/215542
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/12545
Appears in Collections:(EBD) Conjuntos de datos
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