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Title

Primary crustal melt compositions: Insights into the controls, mechanisms and timing of generation from kinetics experiments and melt inclusions

AuthorsAcosta-Vigil, Antonio ; London, David; Morgan, George B.; Cesare, Bernardo; Buick, Ian; Hermann, Jörg; Bartoli, Omar
KeywordsCrustal anatexis
Granite
Mechanisms
Kinetics
Primary melt composition
Nanogranitoids
Issue Date3-Jun-2017
PublisherElsevier BV
CitationLithos - Amsterdam 286-287: 454-479 (2017)
AbstractWe explore the controls, mechanisms and timing of generation of primary melts and their compositions, and show that the novel studies of melt inclusions in migmatites can provide important insights into the processes of crustal anatexis of a particular rock. Partial melting in the source region of granites is dependent on five main processes: (i) supply of heat; (ii) mineral–melt interface reactions associated with the detachment and supply of mineral components to the melt, (iii) diffusion in the melt, (iv) diffusion in minerals, and (v) recrystallization of minerals. As the kinetics of these several processes vary over several orders of magnitude, it is essential to evaluate in Nature which of these processes control the rate of melting, the composition of melts, and the extent to which residue–melt chemical equilibrium is attained under different circumstances. To shed light on these issues, we combine data from experimental and melt inclusion studies. First, data from an extensive experimental program on the kinetics of melting of crustal protoliths and diffusion in granite melt are used to set up the necessary framework that describes how primary melt compositions are established during crustal anatexis. Then, we use this reference frame and compare compositional trends from experiments with the composition of melt inclusions analyzed in particular migmatites. We show that, for the case of El Hoyazo anatectic enclaves in lavas, the composition of glassy melt inclusions provides important information on the nature and mechanisms of anatexis during the prograde suprasolidus history of these rocks, including melting temperatures and reactions, and extent of melt interconnection, melt homogenization and melt–residue equilibrium. Compositional trends in several of the rehomogenized melt inclusions in garnet from migmatites/granulites in anatectic terranes are consistent with diffusion in melt-controlled melting, though trace element compositions of melt inclusions and coexisting minerals are necessary to provide further clues on the nature of anatexis in these particular rocks.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2017.05.020
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/215080
DOI10.1016/j.lithos.2017.05.020
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2017.05.020
issn: 1872-6143
Appears in Collections:(IACT) Artículos
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