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Mouse Nr2f1 haploinsufficiency unveils new pathological mechanisms of a human optic atrophy syndrome

AuthorsBertacchi, Michele; Gruart, Agnès; Kaimakis, Polynikis; Allet, Cécile; Serra, Linda; Delgado-García, José María; Bovolenta, Paola ; Studer, Michèle
BBSOA syndrome
Mouse Nr2f1
Optic nerve atrophy
Issue Date18-Jul-2019
CitationEMBO Molecular Medicine 11 (2019)
AbstractOptic nerve atrophy represents the most common form of hereditary optic neuropathies leading to vision impairment. The recently described Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf optic atrophy (BBSOA) syndrome denotes an autosomal dominant genetic form of neuropathy caused by mutations or deletions in the NR2F1 gene. Herein, we describe a mouse model recapitulating key features of BBSOA patients—optic nerve atrophy, optic disc anomalies, and visual deficits—thus representing the only available mouse model for this syndrome. Notably, Nr2f1-deficient optic nerves develop an imbalance between oligodendrocytes and astrocytes leading to postnatal hypomyelination and astrogliosis. Adult heterozygous mice display a slower optic axonal conduction velocity from the retina to high-order visual centers together with associative visual learning deficits. Importantly, some of these clinical features, such the optic nerve hypomyelination, could be rescued by chemical drug treatment in early postnatal life. Overall, our data shed new insights into the cellular mechanisms of optic nerve atrophy in BBSOA patients and open a promising avenue for future therapeutic approaches.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.15252/emmm.201910291
Identifiersdoi: 10.15252/emmm.201910291
issn: 1757-4684
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