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Title

Influence of pH and a porphyrin ligand on the stability of a G-quadruplex structure within a duplex segment near the promoter region of the SMARCA4 gene

AuthorsNavarro, Alba; Benabou, Sanae; Eritja Casadellà, Ramón ; Gargallo, Raimundo
KeywordsG-quadruplex
i-Motif
SMARCA4
Multivariate analysis
TMPyP4
Issue Date15-Sep-2020
PublisherElsevier
CitationInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules 159: 383-393 (2020)
AbstractIn a previous work, the formation of G-quadruplex structures in a 44-nucleotide long sequence found near the promoter region of the SMARCA4 gene was reported. The central 25 nucleotides were able to fold into an antiparallel G-quadruplex structure, the stability of which was pH-dependent. In the present work, the effect of the presence of lateral nucleotides and the complementary cytosine-rich strand on the stability of this G-quadruplex has been characterized. Moreover, the role of the model ligand TMPyP4 has been studied. Spectroscopic and separation techniques, as well as multivariate data analysis methods, have been used with these purposes. The results have shown that stability of the G-quadruplex as a function of pH or temperature is greatly reduced in the presence of the lateral nucleotides. The influence of the complementary strand does not prevent the formation of the G-quadruplex. Moreover, attempts to modulate the equilibria by an external ligand led us to determine the influence of the TMPyP4 porphyrin on these complex equilibria. This study could eventually help to understand the regulation of SMARCA4 expression.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.05.062
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/214673
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.05.062
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