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Title

Addition of Granulocyte/Monocyte Apheresis to Oral Prednisone for Steroid-dependent Ulcerative Colitis: A Randomized Multicentre Clinical Trial

AuthorsDomènech, Eugeni; Panés, Julián; Hinojosa, Joaquín; Annese, Vito; Magro, Fernando; Sturniolo, Giacomo Carlo; Bossa, Fabrizio; Fernández, Francisco; García-Sánchez, Valle; Dignass, Axel; Herrera, José Manuel; Cabriada, José Luis; Guardiola, Jordi; Vecchi, Maurizio; Portela, Francisco; Ginard, Daniel
KeywordsUlcerative colitis
Apheresis
Steroid dependence
Issue DateJun-2018
PublisherElsevier
CitationJournal of Crohn's and Colitis 12(6): 687-694 (2018)
Abstract[Background and Aims] Steroid-dependency occurs in up to 30% of patients with ulcerative colitis [UC]. In this setting, few drugs have demonstrated efficacy in inducing steroid-free remission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adding granulocyte/monocyte apheresis [GMA] to oral prednisone in patients with steroid-dependent UC.
[Methods] This was a randomized, multicentre, open trial comparing 7 weekly sessions of GMA plus oral prednisone [40 mg/day and tapering] with prednisone alone, in patients with active, steroid-dependent UC [Mayo score 4–10 and inability to withdraw corticosteroids in 3 months or relapse within the first 3 months after discontinuation]. Patients were stratified by concomitant use of thiopurines at inclusion. A 9-week tapering schedule of prednisone was pre-established in both study groups. The primary endpoint was steroid-free remission [defined as a total Mayo score ≤2, with no subscore >1] at Week 24, with no re-introduction of corticosteroids. [Results] In all 123 patients were included [63 GMA group, 62 prednisone alone]. In the intention-to-treat analysis, steroid-free remission at Week 24 was achieved in 13% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6–24) in the GMA group and 7% [95% CI 2–16] in the control group [p = 0.11]. In the GMA group, time to relapse was significantly longer (hazard ratio [HR] 1.7 [1.16–2.48], P = 0.005) and steroid-related adverse events were significantly lower [6% vs 20%, P < 0.05]. [Conclusions] In a randomized trial, the addition of 7 weekly sessions of GMA to a conventional course of oral prednisone did not increase the proportion of steroid-free remissions in patients with active steroid-dependent UC, though it delayed clinical relapse.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy023
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/214553
Identifiersdoi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjy023
issn: 1873-9946
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