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High-resolution characterization of allelic and haplotypic HLA frequency distribution in a Spanish population using high-throughput next-generation sequencing

AuthorsMontero-Martín, Gonzalo; Mallempati, Kalyan C.; Gangavarapu, Sridevi; Sánchez-Gordo, Francisco; Herrero-Mata, Maria J.; Balas, Antonio; Vicario, Jose L.; Sánchez-García, Florentino; González-Escribano, María Francisca; Muro, Manuel; Moya-Quiles, Maria R.; González-Fernández, Rafael; Ocejo-Vinyals, J. Gonzalo; Marín, Luis; Creary, Lisa E.; Osoegawa, Kazutoyo; Vayntrub, Tamara; Caro-Oleas, Jose L.; Vilches, Carlos; Planelles, Dolores; Fernández-Viña, Marcelo A.
KeywordsHuman Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)
Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS)
Population study
Issue DateJul-2019
CitationHuman Immunology 80(7): 429-436 (2019)
AbstractNext-generation sequencing (NGS) at the HLA-A, -B, -C, -DPA1, -DPB1, -DQA1, -DQB1, -DRB1 and -DRB3/4/5 loci was performed on 282 healthy unrelated individuals from different major regions of Spain. High-resolution HLA genotypes defined by full sequencing of class I loci and extended coverage of class II loci were obtained to determine allele frequencies and also to estimate extended haplotype frequencies. HLA alleles were typed at the highest resolution level (4-field level, 4FL); with exception of a minor deviation in HLA-DPA1, no statistically significant deviations from expected Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) proportions were observed for all other HLA loci. This study provides new 4FL-allele and -haplotype frequencies estimated for the first time in the Spanish population. Furthermore, our results describe extended haplotypes (including the less frequently typed HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DQA1 loci) and show distinctive haplotype associations found at 4FL-allele definition in this Spanish population study. The distinctive allelic and haplotypic diversity found at the 4FL reveals the high level of heterozygosity and specific haplotypic associations displayed that were not apparent at 2-field level (2FL). Overall, these results may contribute as a useful reference source for future population studies, for HLA-disease association studies as a healthy control group dataset and for improving donor recruitment strategies of bone marrow registries. HLA genotyping data of this Spanish population cohort was also included in the 17th International Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics Workshop (IHIW) as part of the study of HLA diversity in unrelated worldwide populations using NGS.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2019.02.005
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