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Cobalt doping of α-Fe/Al2O3 catalysts for the production of hydrogen and high-quality carbon nanotubes by thermal decomposition of methane

AuthorsTorres Gamarra, Daniel; Pinilla Ibarz, José Luis ; Suelves Laiglesia, Isabel
KeywordsFe-Co bimetallic catalysts
Hydrogen production
Catalytic decomposition of methane
Thermogravimetric analysis
Multi-wall carbon nanotubes
Issue Date8-Jun-2020
CitationInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy 45(38): 19313-19323 (2020)
AbstractFe–Co/Al2O3 catalysts were developed and tested in the catalytic decomposition of methane (CDM) for the synthesis of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and the CO2-free hydrogen production. While Fe (54.5–66.7 mol.%) is the main active phase for the carbon formation on the catalyst, Co acts as dopant aiming to improve its overall catalytic behaviour. Catalysts with Co contents of up to 18.2 M% showed the presence of α-Fe and Fe–Co crystallites with different size and lattice parameter. Fe1-xCox alloy with bcc crystal system was identified only for Co contents of 14.0% and above, and presented a lattice constant lower than α-Fe, which would modify the carbon diffusion of the metal particle during the MWCNT growth. Co inhibited the Fe3C formation during CDM resulting in higher carbon formations and longer activity times. This phase, shown in undoped catalysts, favored the presence of bamboo-type carbon nanotubes.
Description10 figures, 4 tables.-- © 2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.05.104
Appears in Collections:(ICB) Artículos
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