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Evaluation of the Multilook Size in Polarimetric Optimization of Differential SAR Interferograms

AuthorsMestre-Quereda, Alejandro; López-Sánchez , Juan M.; Ballester-Berman, Josep David; González, Pablo J. ; Hooper , Andrew; Wright, Timothy J.
Synthetic aperture radar
Microsoft Windows
Issue DateSep-2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
CitationIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 15(9): 1407-1411 (2018)
AbstractThe interferometric coherence is a measure of the correlation between two SAR images and constitutes a commonly used estimator of the phase quality. Its estimation requires a spatial average within a 2-D window, usually named as multilook. The multilook processing allows reducing noise at the expenses of a resolution loss. In this letter, we analyze the influence of the multilook size while applying a polarimetric optimization of the coherence. The same optimization algorithm has been carried out with different multilook sizes and also with the nonlocal SAR filter filter, which has the advantage of preserving the original resolution of the interferogram. Our experiments have been carried out with a single pair of quad-polarimetric RADARSAT-2 images mapping the Mount Etna's volcanic eruption of May 2008. Results obtained with this particular data set show that the coherence is increased notably with respect to conventional channels when small multilook sizes are employed, especially over low-vegetated areas. Conversely, very decorrelated areas benefit from larger multilook sizes but do not exhibit an additional improvement with the polarimetric optimization.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2018.2839179
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