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Low-frequency View of GW170817/GRB 170817A with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope

AuthorsResmi, L.; Schulze, S.; Ishwara-Chandra, C. H.; Misra, K.; Buchner, J.; De Pasquale, M.; Sánchez Ramírez, Rubén ; Klose, S.; Kim, S.; Tanvir, N. R.; O'Brien, P. T.
KeywordsGamma-ray burst: individual (GRB 170817A)
Gravitational waves
Issue Date2018
PublisherIOP Publishing
CitationAstrophysical Journal 867(1): 57 (2018)
AbstractThe short gamma-ray burst (GRB) 170817A was the first GRB associated with a gravitational-wave event. Due to the exceptionally low luminosity of the prompt γ-ray and the afterglow emission, the origin of both radiation components is highly debated. The most discussed models for the burst and the afterglow include a regular GRB jet seen off-axis and the emission from the cocoon encompassing a >choked> jet. Here, we report low radio frequency observations at 610 and 1390 MHz obtained with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope. Our observations span a range of ∼7 to ∼152 days after the burst. The afterglow started to emerge at these low frequencies about 60 days after the burst. The 1390 MHz light curve barely evolved between 60 and 150 days, but its evolution is also marginally consistent with an F ∝ t rise seen in higher frequencies. We model the radio data and archival X-ray, optical, and high-frequency radio data with models of top-hat and Gaussian structured GRB jets. We performed a Markov Chain Monte Carlo analysis of the structured-jet parameter space. Though highly degenerate, useful bounds on the posterior probability distributions can be obtained. Our bounds of the viewing angle are consistent with that inferred from the gravitational-wave signal. We estimate the energy budget in prompt emission to be an order of magnitude lower than that in the afterglow blast wave.© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aae1a6
Identifiersdoi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aae1a6
issn: 1538-4357
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