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An mRNA-binding channel in the ES6S region of the translation 48S-PIC promotes RNA unwinding and scanning

AuthorsDíaz-López, Irene; Toribio, René ; Berlanga, Juan José; Ventoso, Iván
Issue Date2-Dec-2019
PublishereLife Sciences Publications
CitationeLife 8 (2019)
AbstractLoading of mRNA onto the ribosomal 43S pre-initiation complex (PIC) and its subsequent scanning require the removal of the secondary structure of the by RNA helicases such as eIF4A. However, the topology and mechanics of the scanning complex bound to mRNA (48S-PIC) and the influence of its solvent-side composition on the scanning process are poorly known. Here, we found that the ES6S region of the 48S-PIC constitutes an extended binding channel for eIF4A-mediated unwinding of mRNA and scanning. Blocking ES6S inhibited the cap-dependent translation of mRNAs that have structured 5' UTRs (including G-quadruplexes), many of which are involved in signal transduction and growth, but it did not affect IRES-driven translation. Genome-wide analysis of mRNA translation revealed a great diversity in ES6S-mediated scanning dependency. Our data suggest that mRNA threading into the ES6S region makes scanning by 48S PIC slower but more processive. Hence, we propose a topological and functional model of the scanning 48S-PIC.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.48246
Identifiersdoi: 10.7554/eLife.48246
issn: 2050-084X
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